Dorsopathy is a general term referring to diseases of the spine and paravertebral tissues accompanied by pain in the back. This condition can significantly reduce the quality of life and limit daily activities.

Causes of Dorsopathy:

  1. Degenerative-Dystrophic Changes With age, intervertebral discs and joints wear out, which can lead to osteochondrosis, spondylosis, and other degenerative diseases.
  2. Injuries Bruises, strains, fractures, and other spine injuries can cause dorsopathy.
  3. Physical Load Constant physical loads, poor posture, lifting weights, and prolonged stay in uncomfortable positions can lead to muscle strain and the development of pain syndrome.
  4. Inflammatory Diseases Infectious and autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can cause inflammation of the spine and surrounding tissues.
  5. Heredity Genetic predisposition can increase the risk of developing dorsopathy.
  6. Sedentary Lifestyle Lack of physical activity leads to weakening of the muscular corset, increasing the load on the spine and causing pain.

Treatment of Dorsopathy:

  1. Medication Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, help reduce pain and inflammation. In some cases, muscle relaxants and antidepressants may be prescribed.
  2. Physical Therapy A set of exercises aimed at strengthening the back muscles and improving spine flexibility can significantly reduce pain and prevent relapses.
  3. Massage and Manual Therapy Massage and manual therapy help relieve muscle tension, improve blood circulation, and reduce pain syndrome.
  4. Physiotherapy Laser therapy, ultrasound therapy, magnetic therapy, and other physiotherapy procedures help reduce inflammation and improve metabolic processes in spinal tissues.
  5. Lifestyle Modification It is important to maintain proper posture, avoid lifting weights, monitor weight, and engage in regular physical exercise.
  6. Surgical Treatment In rare cases, when conservative treatment does not bring results, surgical intervention may be required to eliminate the cause of pain syndrome.

Prevention of Dorsopathy:

  1. Maintaining Proper Posture Pay attention to proper posture when sitting and standing. Use ergonomic furniture and avoid prolonged stay in uncomfortable positions.
  2. Regular Physical Activity Exercises to strengthen the back muscles and improve spine flexibility help prevent dorsopathy. Swimming, yoga, and Pilates are excellent activities for maintaining spine health.
  3. Avoiding Excessive Loads Avoid lifting weights and sudden movements that can damage the spine. If it is necessary to lift a weight, do it correctly by bending your knees and keeping your back straight.
  4. Weight Control Excess weight increases the load on the spine, leading to its wear and pain. Maintaining a healthy weight helps reduce the risk of dorsopathy.
  5. Regular Breaks During Sedentary Work If your work requires prolonged sitting, take regular breaks for stretching and changing position. This helps avoid muscle and spine strain.

Dorsopathy can significantly affect the quality of life, but timely diagnosis, proper treatment, and prevention can help manage this condition and prevent its development in the future. If you experience back pain, it is important to consult a doctor for professional advice and effective treatment.

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